MySQL: backup databases in separate files

It’s not very comfortable to restore one database, if you have just one big fat backup file, which contains all databases.

My solution is the bash script above does the following steps:

  1. It crreates one dump file for each database.
  2. It packs all dump files in one zipfile
  3. and sends it to STDOUT.

Step 3 is very helpful e.g. for using this script with backup software like rsnapshot.

## Dumps every database to a single file, all dump files will be zipped and redirected to the stdout.
## Usage: backup-db.sh > databases.zip
##
#! /bin/bash
set -o nounset
set -o errexit

trap 'rm -rf "$BACKUP_DIR"' EXIT
BACKUP_DIR=$(mktemp -d)
MYSQL=/usr/bin/mysql
MYSQLDUMP=/usr/bin/mysqldump

databases=`$MYSQL --defaults-extra-file=/etc/mysql/credentials.cnf --default-character-set=utf8mb4 -e "SHOW DATABASES;" \
        | grep -Ev "(Database|information_schema|performance_schema)"`
for db in $databases; do
  $MYSQLDUMP --defaults-extra-file=/etc/mysql/credentials.cnf --default-character-set=utf8mb4 --force --opt --databases $db \
        > "$BACKUP_DIR/$db.sql"
done
zip -rjq - "$BACKUP_DIR"
exit 0

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